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  Supporting the Sustainable Management of Amphibian and Reptile Biodiversity

"Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed people can
change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has." --Anon.




Submission checklist send to [email protected]

1. Manuscript with lists of figures/photographs and tables at end

2. Figures and photographs

3. Tables

4. Provide three recommended referees

6. Copyright Agreement


Title of article: The title of the article should be brief and describe the content of the article. If a particular species is written include the publisher of the original description. If a higher taxonomic group is written no reference is needed. Common names of species are included in the title at the authors discretion.

Full names, institutional addresses and email addresses for all authors. Label the corresponding author


The Abstract of the manuscript should not exceed 350 words and must be structured as background, significance, methods, results,  conclusions, summary. 

Six to ten keywords should be given. These should not include words in the title.


The introduction needs to be accessible to those without specialist knowledge in the field. The introduction must clearly state the background of the research and its aims and hypothesis. The section should end with a brief statement of what is being reported in the article.


Describe in detail the experimental design including the any animals used and their providence and housing, genbak information for genetics, full description of source of materials used, what is being tested and how it is assessed, statistical models. 


Describe the statistics used including in which experiment each type of analysis was used and its use for that data.


The Results and Discussion may be combined into a single section or presented separately. In either case clearly state the results of each experiment in a scientific form.


The discussion needs to relate the results of the study to the topics and hypothesis in the introduction and perhaps methods. In the discussion results should be rounded off to make reading easier. ie. 67 ± 2% expressed as ∼65%, and 33 ± 7% as ∼35%


This should state clearly the main conclusions of the research and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance. Summary illustrations may be included. Future directions to further the research field may be suggested. The length should be from 100 to 300 words.


Authors' information -   short biographies and pictures

It is generally appropriate to include an author short biography and author photograph depicting the author in his normal work environment.  This section of the paper is to be listed at the end of the paper  (for examples, see recent publications from the journal).   
You may choose to use this section to include any relevant information about the author(s) that may aid the reader's interpretation of the article, and understand the background of the author(s). This may include details about the authors' qualifications, current positions they hold at institutions or societies, or any other relevant information. 


Images for the article should be submitted in as high a quality as jpg, giff, or tiff, and should not exceed a file size of 4 MB.

Image of authors, for authors bios, should be approximately 300 x 450 pixels whether horizontal of vertical.

List of abbreviations

Abbreviations should be defined in the text at first use. If a term is only used a few times in the article do not use abbreviations.

Common and Scientific Names

Use the common name with scientific name only once when the species is introduced or infrequently. The common name should only have proper names such as cities or locations or peoples or entities names with a capital. ie. Pearsons desert rat, green anole, Sydney funnel web spider, elephant, Polar bear.


For EndNote users, a reference template for Amphibian and Reptile Conservation is available [here].

(Windows users: right click and "Save target as." Mac users: control + click and "Save linked file as." Make sure final file name is ARC.ens with no .txt file extension.)

1) For articles authors and article dates; alphabetical by surname of first author and et al. for many authors should be cited in the manuscript. In-text citations should be within brackets. References should be separated by semicolons and should not italicize “et al.” Citations by the same authors in the same year should be given a lowercase letter after the year (example: Stow and Sunnucks 2004a,b) and repeated author names within the same in-text citation should be omitted (example: Emlen 1994, 1997)

References can be placed in alphabetical order of first authors surnames, then by the least recent date

Example: (Ané et al. 2007; Emlen 1994, 1997; Hey 2011; Lemos-Espinal et al. 1997; Omland 1999; Pagel and Meade 2006; Storey 2006; Stow and Sunnucks 2004a,b; Wiens et al. 2008)

Alternatively, references to a historic theme may be ordered by the most recent date then in alphabetical order of first authors surnames.

Example: (Castoe and Parkinson 2006; Knight et al. 1992; Kraus et al. 1996; Malhotra et al. 2010; Parkinson 1999; Parkinson et al. 1997, 2002)

2) For articles with a very large number of references, authors may number references consecutively to correspond with their order of use in the reference list. In this case, in-text citations should still be in parentheses and use number ranges for consecutive citations (1-3; 8).


Only articles and abstracts that have been published, are in press, or are available through public e-print/preprint servers, may be cited.

Unpublished abstracts, unpublished data, and personal communications should not be included in the reference list, but these citations may be included in the text and referred to as "data not shown" or "pers. comm." giving the first initial and surname of involved researchers (J. Smith, pers. comm.).

Obtaining permission to quote personal communications and unpublished data from the cited colleagues is the responsibility of the authors. 

Citations in the reference list should include all named authors, up to the first 9 and also including the final author to make 10, before abbreviating with et al. 

Any "in press" articles cited must be provided if requested by the editorial office. 

Internet links, including links to the authors' own websites, should be referenced in the reference list. Links should be provided in full, including the title of the site and page, the URL of the page, and the date accessed. ie.

Links and URLS

Link / URL: The Mouse Tumor Biology Database. [Online]. Available: http://tumor.informatics.jax.org/mtbwi/index.do [Accessed: 12 September 2011].

Link / URL with author : Roth M. 2011. Experts identify world's most threatened sea turtle populations. [Online]. Available: http://www.iucn.org/?8331/Experts-Identify-Worlds-Most-Threatened-Sea-Turtle-Populations [Accessed 3 October 2011].

Link / URL for newsletter: Janzen P. 2010. Cooperative breeding of amphibians by zoos and private herpetologists in the “German speaking area”. AArk Newsletter (March 2010). [Online]. Available:   http://www.amphibianark.org/Newsletters/pdf_newsletters/amphibian%20ark%20news%2010.pdf [Accessed: 14 October 2011].

Article within a journal:

Wiens JJ, Kuczynski CA, Smith SA, Mulcahy DG, Sites JW, Townsend TM, Reeder TW. 2008. Branch lengths, support, and congruence: Testing the phylogenomic approach with 20 nuclear loci in snakes.Systematic Biology 57(3):420-431.

Article within a journal supplement

Orengo CA, Bray JE, Hubbard T, LoConte L, Sillitoe I. 1999. Analysis and assessment of ab initio three-dimensional prediction, secondary structure, and contacts prediction.Proteins 43(Suppl 3):149-170. 

In press article

Hey J. 2011. Isolation with migration models for more than two populations.Molecular Biology and Evolution, in press.

Published abstract

Zvaifler NJ, Burger JA, Marinova-Mutafchieva L, Taylor P, Maini RN. 1999. Mesenchymal cells, stromal derived factor-1 and rheumatoid arthritis [abstract].Arthritis & Rheumatism 42:s250. 

Article within conference proceedings

Jones X. 1996. Zeolites and synthetic mechanisms. In Proceedings of the First National Conference on Porous Sieves: 27-30 June 1996; Baltimore. Editor. SY Stoneham. Butterworth-Heinemann. 16-27. 

Book chapter, or article within a book

Emlen ST. 1997. Predicting family dynamics in social vertebrates. InBehavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach. Editors. JR Krebs, NB Davies. Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell. 228-253.

Whole issue of journal

Ponder B, Johnston S, Chodosh L. 1998. Innovative oncology. InBreast Cancer Research.

Whole conference proceedings

Smith Y. 1996.Proceedings of the First National Conference on Porous Sieves: 27-30 June 1996; Baltimore. Butterworth-Heinemann. 

Complete book

Krause J, Ruxton GD. 2002. Living in Groups. Oxford University Press. Oxford, UK.

Monograph or book in a series

Hunninghake GW, Gadek JE. 1995. The alveolar macrophage. InCultured Human Cells and Tissues. Editor. TJR Harris. New York, Academic Press. 54-56. [G Stoner, Series Editor: Methods and Perspectives in Cell Biology, Vol 1.] 

Book with institutional author

Advisory Committee on Genetic Modification. 1995.Annual Report. London. 

Ph.D. thesis

Davis AR. 2009. Kin dynamics and adaptive benefits of social aggregation in the Desert Night Lizard,Xantusia vigilis.Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Santa Cruz, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.   

M.S. Thesis 

Ricards JJ. 1961. Variation and biogeography of the western ground snake,Sonora semiannulata Baird.M.S. Thesis, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, Department of Biology.



 Amphibian and Reptile Conservation logo


 Dr Robert Browne

Dr. Robert Browne Chairperson

Dr. Browne established the Internet based ARC in 2011 and expanded it globally in 2013. Robert is committed to achieving the ARC's goal to provide for the sustainable management of amphibians and reptiles. He has a wide international experience in herpetological conservation and has published over 40 scientific articles on amphibian and reptile conservation. see Biography